Is My Child Well Enough To Go To School?
 
Many parents are frequently concerned about when to keep children home or send them to school the following information is intended to help parents with this decision:

The child/youth should stay home if he/she:
  • has had a fever of 100 degrees or more, and should remain at home for 24 hours after the temperature returns to normal without medication to keep the temperature down.
  • has vomited or has had diarrhea, and should remain at home for 24 hours after it has stopped.
  • has a persistent cough.
  • has any rash with fever.
  • has open or draining skin sores.
  • has inflamed or draining eyes or ears.
If your child is ill, please call the school to report the illness.
  • Foley Elementary School: 968-7286
  • Foley Intermediate School: 968-6251
  • Foley High School: 968-7246
 If the parents/guardians have any questions regarding the above information, the school nurse should be contacted.
 

Disease

Symptoms

Time from
Exposure to Illness

School Action & Comments on Communicability

Source of Infection & how it spreads

Chickenpox

Flight fever, general feeling of illness, rash resembling water blister appearing after 3 to 4 days. Scabs appear later.

2-3 weeks

1. Exclude from school until blisters are dry and crusted.
2. It is also contagious 5 days before blisters appear.
3. DO NOT give Aspirin.

Virus spread by direct contact with infected person

Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex)

Watery blisters usually on lips but may occur anywhere on skin or mouth. May be confused with Impetigo.

2 to 12 days

1. May attend school
2. Will usually heal within 2 weeks.

Virus spread by direct contact with infected persons.

Common Cold

Symptoms include watery eyes, sneezing, running nose, general feeling of illness.

12 hrs to
3 days

1. Recommend that child remain at home for first 1 to 2 days of cold or longer if symptoms are severs.
2. Communicable for 24 hours before and for 5 days after nasal discharge.
3. DO NOT give aspirin.

Virus spread directly through droplets from coughing. sneezing or speaking; indirectly through articles freshly soiled by discharges of infected person

Influenza "Flu"

Chills, body ache, headache, fever, sore throat, followed by cough, runny nose and possibly stomachache.

24 to 72 hrs

1. Exclude from school until child feels well, usual 2 to 7 days.
2. DO NOT give aspirin.

Virus spread directly through coughing, sneezing and contact with nose or throat discharges. May be spread through the air.

Impetigo

Blisters or fluid filled sacs covered with honey colored crusts. May be confused with cold sores.

1 to 6 days occasionally longer

1. Exclude from school until treated with antibiotics for 24 hours

Bacteria spread by direct contact with persons or with articles freshly soiled with discharges from nose or throat of patient; may also be spread through the air. usually caused by Group A Beta Streptococcus.

Pinworms

Itching of anal area.

3 to 6 weeks

1. May attend school. Contact doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
2. Communicable as long as worms are present in the intestine.

Worms are transferred directly from other infected persons, especially children by hand from anus to mouth. Good hand washing after using bathroom is IMPORTANT. Indirectly transferred through clothing, bedding, food or other articles contaminated with eggs of parasite. Pinworms of animals NOT transmitted to humans.

 Lice (Pediculosis)

Infestation of the head hair or other hairy parts of the body or of clothing with lice or nits. Nits or eggs are tiny white or brownish rice-shaped particles stuck to hair, close to scalp.

eggs hatch in
1 week

1. Exclude until hair is treated. School to re- examine student 7 - 10 days after treatment. Retreat with approved shampoo in 7 to 10 days.
2. Considered communicable until treated.
3. Advise exam of household contacts for nits and lice.
4. Notify school.

1. Exclude from school until written verification of treatment.
2. Communicable until treated.
3. Family should be examined.
4. House should be thoroughly cleaned

Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)

Redness of conjunctiva (white of eye). May or may not have drainage. Eye irritation.

24 to 72 hrs

1. Refer for medical diagnosis and treatment.
2. Communicability depends on cause.
3. Keep home if eyes are uncomfortable.

Most are caused by virus; some bacterial. May be spread through hand-eye contact.

Ringworm Body (Tinea Corporis)

Ring-shaped or irregular skin patch with raised pimple-like or scaly borders. May show central clearing. May become inflamed and crusted.

1 to 3 weeks

1. Exclude from school until treated for 24 hours with medicated ointment.  Keep area covered

Contact with human or animal infected with fungus or its spores, and by contact with contaminated articles.

Scabies

Raised red skin possibly blisters or pustules or scabs. Intense itching - most severe at night. Common sites are hands, arms, at or above wristline, thighs.

1 to 2 months

1. Exclude from school until written verification of treatment.
2. Communicable until treated.
3. Family should be examined.
4. House should be thoroughly cleaned.

Mite transferred by direct contact with an infected person, and to a limited extent, undergarments or soiled sheets freshly contaminated by an infected person.

Strep Throat

Fever, sore throat, headache, nausea, vomiting. (If associated with rash it is called Scarlet Fever.)

1 to 3 days

1. If diagnosed by doctor as strep, exclude from school until 24 hours after antibiotic treatment is started and until clinically well.
2. Communicable until 24 hours after treatment is started.

Bacteria spread directly from nose and throat discharges of infected persons.

Reye's Syndrome

Child has recently been ill with viral infection (cold, flu, chickenpox). 

STAGE 1

  • Persistent or continuous vomiting

  • Signs of brain dysfunction:
    Listlessness
    Loss of pep and energy
    Drowsiness

STAGE 2 

  • Personality changes:
    Irritability
    Aggressive behavior

  • Disorientation
    Confusion
    Irrational behavior

  • Delirium, convulsions

1 to 7 days following viral infection (cold, flu, chickenpox)

1. If one or more symptoms appears, call physician immediately.
2. Go to emergency room of hospital.
3. DO NOT give aspirin or aspirin substitutes.
4. Exclude from school until clinically well.

Usually follows viral infection. It is not contagious. Cause unknown. No prevention. Requires immediate attention at onset of symptoms. Most common in children.

Fifth's Disease

Intense red rash which begins on cheeks and spreads to arms, body, buttocks and legs.  May have a low-grade fever or sore throat.  Rash has a fine lacey, pink appearance.

4 - 14 Days

No longer infectious once the rash appears May attend school if student feels well.

Virus is spread by touching secretions of infected person and then touching eyes, nose or mouth or by breathing in airborne droplets of the virus.  Extremely small chance of anemia for fetus or miscarriage if a pregnant woman is exposed to Fifth's Disease.